Ibiza, together with Formentera and other small islands are collectively known as the Pitusas islands (for the abundance of pine tres). Ibiza reflects the passing of many diverse cultures that have visited from many centuries past. Ibosim is what the Carthaginians called Ibiza, The greeks called Ibiza Ebysus, The romans Ebusus, Yabisah the arabs and finally Eivissa or Ibiza after the conquest of the Christians.
Many artifacts and Ceramics have been discovered in the caves of Cuieram and cave paintings in the la Covad´en Vi dated back to 1400 to 1800 AC. The first references are dated back to the Carthaginians in the year 645 AC.
The romans dominated Ibiza in the second century, again it was conquered in the fifth century, the arabs then dominated in the ninth.
The most recent history was the Christian conquest led by the Catalans on the 8th of August 1235.
The island is divided into 5 municipalities: Ibiza (Ibiza or Vila), San Antonio (San Antonio de Portmany), Santa Eulalia (Santa Eulalia Des Riu), San Jose (San Josep de Sa Talaia) and San Juan (Sant Joan de Labritja). The island has a total of 134,460 established inhabitants and receives annually more than 2 millions of visitors. Ibiza has survived more than 2665 years of wars, hunger and changes making Ibiza a totally cosmopolitan society.